|Title||Design principles for highly efficient quadrupeds and implementation on the MIT Cheetah robot|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Seok, S., A. Wang, M. Y. Chuah, D. Otten, J. Lang, and S. Kim|
|Conference Name||Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2013 IEEE International Conference on|
|Conference Location||Karlsruhe, Germany|
In this paper, we introduce the design principles for highly efficient legged robots and the implementation of the principles on the MIT Cheetah robot. Three major energy loss modes during locomotion are heat losses through the actuators, losses through the transmission, and the interaction losses that includes all losses of the system interacting with the environment. We propose four design principles that minimize these losses: employment of high torque density motors, low impedance transmission, energy regenerative electronics and a design architecture that minimizes the leg inertia. We present the design features of the MIT cheetah robot as an embodiment of these principles. The resulting cost of transport (COT) is 0.51 during 2.3 m/s running, which rivals running animals in the same scale.