Design principles for highly efficient quadrupeds and implementation on the MIT Cheetah robot

TitleDesign principles for highly efficient quadrupeds and implementation on the MIT Cheetah robot
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsSeok, S., A. Wang, M. Y. Chuah, D. Otten, J. Lang, and S. Kim
Conference NameRobotics and Automation (ICRA), 2013 IEEE International Conference on
Date Published05/2013
PublisherIEEE
Conference LocationKarlsruhe, Germany
ISBN Number978-1-4673-5641-1
Accession Number13850740
Abstract

In this paper, we introduce the design principles for highly efficient legged robots and the implementation of the principles on the MIT Cheetah robot. Three major energy loss modes during locomotion are heat losses through the actuators, losses through the transmission, and the interaction losses that includes all losses of the system interacting with the environment. We propose four design principles that minimize these losses: employment of high torque density motors, low impedance transmission, energy regenerative electronics and a design architecture that minimizes the leg inertia. We present the design features of the MIT cheetah robot as an embodiment of these principles. The resulting cost of transport (COT) is 0.51 during 2.3 m/s running, which rivals running animals in the same scale.

URLhttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=6631038
DOI10.1109/ICRA.2013.6631038

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